The oldest and the most valuable, as well as the most refined of the ancient paintings, are perhaps the traditional Japanese painting.
The landscape painting is not an exemption. This painting incorporates a wide array of genres and styles. It shouldn’t be surprising – that is typical of Japanese in general – it has a rich historical background.
The traditional Japanese landscape painting adapts the traditional Japanese aesthetics with modern influences from Chinese and Western influence, which started from the 16th Century.
Those paintings tell vivid stories that contain powerful and practical lessons for modern times. This article takes a brief look into a few of the most prominent among the paintings of those periods.
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Traditional Japanese Landscape Painting
Below are some of the most famous Japanese painting and arts you’ve probably never seen or heard of:
1. Mural Painting of the Takamatsuzuka Tomb
These are Japanese paintings of both geometric and figural designs. These paintings date back to the era of Kofun and Asuka, which was around 300-700 AD. The mural paintings reflect certain narratives like Jakarta.
They also portray episodes that were reminders of the life of historical Shakyamuni, the Buddha. Besides, mural paintings also represent different minor deities. This reminds us of the Chinese arts of the period of Sui dynasty or around the late 16 Kingdoms period.
The famous Tamamushi Shrine is one of the mural paintings. The example given here is the image of the wall in the Takamatsuzuka Tomb. This is the painting style that evolved into Kara-e genre that was in vogue until the early Heian period around 700 AD.
2. Set of Sliding Doors of Plum Tree of the Early 17th Century
This is another traditional Japanese landscape painting dating back to the 17th Century. The period of this painting is recognized as the Yamato-e golden age.
The paintings were a reminder of the time when the Japanese discovered the sliding doors and folding screens. That was the mid-Heian period, an era when Confucianism and some other Chinese influences were at the peak.
The events of that period formed the inspiration for many of the paintings of the 17th Century. This painting of Set of Sliding Doors of Plum tree by KanōSanraku is one of such.
3. Siege of Sanjo Palace
The production of this painting was informed by an attempt to preserve the memories of what happened in Sanjo Palace towards the final part of the Heian period.
A lot had transpired at the beginning of the period in 794 AD up to the middle. There were new painting formats like Emakimono (long illustrated handscrolls).
These and a few novels, historical works, and religious paintings show the popularity of the traditional landscape painting.
Quite a number of them took up history from different dimensions. They all summarize stories and keep their precious memoirs. The Siege of Sanjo Palace portrayed here is a famous example of such narrative and historical painting.
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4. The Tale of Genji
This is another painting of the Heian period of spanning 794 to 1185. Historians have long debated the meaning of specific terms like onna-e and otoko-e.
While the former refers to the women’s picture and style of painting, the latter refers to the men’s. Those argument debates are premised on the difference between the aesthetic preferences of each of gender.
Even if they’re still unclear, certain traditional Japanese landscape paintings been discovered exemplify which side could likely be correct. And the ink and wash painting of Tale of Genji can be a living example.
5. Splash Ink Landscape by Sesshū Tōyō
Talking about splash ink landscape painting, Sesshū Tōyōwho, also known as Oda Tōyō, has become the most prominent traditional painter since the Japanese traditional landscape painting since 1431.
The paintings have come under the names of Tōyō, Unkoku, and Bikeisai around 1420 to 1506. Toyo was regarded as the master of ‘ink and wash’ painting since the middle of the Muromachi period.
A lot more are there to show the richness of Japanese traditional landscape painting. However, we decided to list these five just to inspire your creativity and curiosity.
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What are the 10 famous Japanese paintings?
Famous Japanese Paintings
- The Great Wave off Kanagawa – Katsushika Hokusai.
- Tiger – Kawanabe Kyosai.
- Sunrise over the Eastern Sea – Fujishima Takeji.
- Sansui Chokan (Long Scroll of Landscapes) – Sesshū Tōyō
- Painting of a Cypress – Kano Eitoku.
What are the 5 types of Japanese paintings?
Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, ceramics, origami, and more recently manga and anime.
What is the famous Japanese painting called?
The Great Wave off Kanagawa
Katsushika Hokusai – The Great Wave off Kanagawa
Finally, The Great Wave off Kanagawa is probably the most recognizable Japanese painting ever made. It’s actually the most prominent piece of art “made in Japan”. It depicts an enormous wave threatening boats off the coast of the prefecture of Kanagawa.
Who was the most famous in landscape painting?
Vincent Van Gogh
Best Landscape Painter
The best and most famous painter in the history of landscape painting is Vincent Van Gogh, a Dutch post-impressionist painter. Among his 2100 paintings, 860 were oil paintings. Though he drew still-life, portraits, he is well known for his imaginative landscape paintings.
Who is the most famous Japanese painter?
Takashi Murakami is undoubtedly Japan’s most successful artist working today. Sometimes called “the Warhol of Japan”, Murakami is world-famous for his Superflat movement, whose cartoon-Pop aesthetic and commercial bent defines his entire oeuvre of paintings and sculptures.
What is traditional Japanese art called?
But for others, the Japanese way could only be captured by building on centuries of national heritage. These elegant Japanese art style is known as nihonga (Japanese painting), which are perhaps not widely known internationally, but were created by some of the best Japanese artists to date.
What is Yamato e style?
Yamato-e, (Japanese: “Japanese painting”), style of painting important in Japan during the 12th and early 13th centuries. It is a Late Heian style, secular and decorative with a tradition of strong colour.
What is the best known the most popular style of Japanese art?
Calligraphy is one of the most admired Japanese arts. Along with kanji, or Japanese characters, calligraphy was imported from China during the Heian Period over one thousand years ago.
What are the Specialities of Japanese painting?
The subject matter that is widely regarded as most characteristic of Japanese painting, and later printmaking, is the depiction of scenes from everyday life and narrative scenes that are often crowded with figures and detail.
What is Baroque painting style?
Baroque painting is the painting associated with the Baroque cultural movement, which began in Italy in the 17th century. In its most typical manifestations, Baroque painting is characterized by great drama, rich, deep color, and intense light and dark shadows.